A tentative explanation that accounts for a set of facts and can be tested by further investigation; a theory. Something taken to be true for the purpose of argument or investigation; an assumption. It is important that you thoroughly read the above definitions or you will be at a disadvantage if you do not.
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- Creation vs. Evolution Persuasive Essay.
- Argumentation and fallacies in creationist writings against evolutionary theory | SpringerLink.
You will note that there are several different definitions to each word. I felt it was important to include the added definitive statement to theory because it shows the difference between a scientific theory and an "everyday" theory based upon conjecture. The additional definitions to law and hypothesis are both added for a further understanding of these words.
The definition of creationism is somewhat more complex. One must start by saying that the belief in the creation of the universe given at the beginning of the Bible is literally true. Creationism is a belief based solely upon faith which is a belief in and of itself. There are no scientific facts as a basis for this belief, solely conjectural theories and speculations.
It is ingrained into our minds, as children that a belief of a force, or supernatural entity, which is all powerful and all knowing, is watching over us and taking care of our needs. Yet, to me, saying this very sort of thing is heretical in its very essence. To be so crude as to think that some being which created the universe itself and all things in it would take the time to care for each and every individual is incomprehensible.
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In practically all ancient cultures, the biblical included, the universe was thought of as an original chaos into which order had been introduced by a creative hand: This was the essence of creation. While science can prove without doubt the universe up to the first 20 milliseconds of existence, we cannot prove anything before that point at this time.
The statement above, regarding creationism, suggests that there was no beginning, only chaos. Subsequently this "creative hand" structured the order of the universe out of chaos and applied physical laws to that chaos so it would form itself into motion and order. Yet, creationism as a whole does not touch base upon what came before the chaos.
While science admits that there was a time in which different laws and order applied; creationism attempts to deny this existence by saying that there was always something. For if there was indeed a beginning and there was no God before this time, where did God come from? We can scientifically prove that there was a beginning. We cannot yet ascertain what was before this beginning, but we now know that there was one. To suggest that the universe has always existed is a mere myth today. Much like the myth that the world was once flat. Today, we take for granted that the world is indeed round, for have we not seen pictures from the space shuttle in orbit of the earth.
Not to mention the multitude of orbital shots from satellites.
Controvery of Creation vs. Evolution in Inherit the Wind, by Jerome Lawrence and Robert E. Lee
Consequently we would consider it preposterous if someone attempted to tell us that the world is a flat surface. Yet, upon blind faith, some are content to believe that a "creative hand" structured this existence. Although the figures Gods differ from mythos to mythos, all the ancient stories intend simply to give a poetic accounting for cosmic origins.
Most people know of this theory because they were taught it in school. Yet it usually contradicted what their parents and pastors taught them in church. As a result, the Big Bang Theory was generally discarded as something that intellectual minds which cannot exist upon the true faith alone, must accept as truth. The Big Bang Theory is stated in condensed form as follows.
This relic radiation was detected by radio astronomy in , thereby providing what most astronomers consider to be confirmation of the big bang theory. We have the beginnings of a proof that there was a time or rather, I should say, a point in time where there was indeed nothing. Many creationists will argue that the universe is too ordered; the path of the planets which meant wanderers, or great wanderers in early Grecian society is too ordered, too perfect.
I will start by asking you to attempt to define perfect as it existed at that time. In the creationalistic point of view, a person might write it off as the act of God. It was his divine will that moved the planets together in such a way as to be able to support life.
Or you could ask the more worldly scientist who would explain to you about the Law of Probability, the Theory of Relativity, and show you lengthy mathematical equations dealing with Quantum and Theoretical Physics. In the end, you would likely have a headache of immense size, but come away with perhaps a better understanding of how the order of events, and the laws which created, ordered and structured the planets to exist as they do. Many creationism fanatics will also attempt to dissuade the argument of evolution by saying that the Big Bang is merely a theory.
The only reply that the scientific world can refute this with is the fact that relativity and gravity, are also theories. This argument by creationists is obviously not in their favor. The creation of the universe by scientific means is a world-wide theory that many creationists refute simply because it goes against their beliefs.
Yet to understand evolution to its fullest, we must further investigate life, or rather human life. We ask questions like: How did we evolve from amoebae? Are you trying to tell me that I evolved from an ape? If we are evolving in such a manner as described, why can we not see it daily? Since these are all very good questions, I will touch base upon them all. Approximately seven-hundred or eight-hundred million years ago life was first known on this planet in the form of single-celled organisms called procaryotes, not amoebae.
Over time these unicellular organisms diversified into an array of adaptive types.
Essay on Persuasive Essays. Research Paper on Creation Vs Evolution
Scientists hypothesize that many advanced cells eucaryotes may have evolved through amalgamation of a number of distinct simple cell types. Single-celled eucaryotes then developed complex modes of living and advanced types of reproduction that led to the appearance of multicellular plants and animals. The latter are first known from about seven-hundred million years ago, and their appearance implies that at least moderate levels of free atmospheric oxygen and a relatively predictable supply of food plants had been achieved.
However, approximately sixty-five million years ago the dinosaur specie was completely eradicated perhaps by way of natural selection , which left only mammals. Approximately two million years ago humanity began to show its evolution in the order of the universe. Humans originally belonged to an order of mammals, the primates, which existed before the dinosaurs became extinct. This development of descending from tree habitats to forest floors and eventually to more open country was associated with the development of many unique features of the human primate, such as erect posture and reduced canine teeth, which suggests new habits of feeding.
However, while humanity did evolve from a primate ancestor, it did not evolve directly from an ape-like specie. Humans as well as apes both evolved from the same primate specie, but each branched in different directions to become apes in one specie and humans in another specie.
Argumentation and fallacies in creationist writings against evolutionary theory
Yet, you ask that if this is the case, and humanity has evolved from primates in such a short period of time, why can we not see the evolutionary process taking place today? The answer is a simple one.
I know of no human which has lived for two-million years. Which in and of itself is not a very valid argument for this case, but nevertheless. Need a different custom essay on Persuasive Essays? Of pandas and people. The central question of biological origins [ ]. The remarkable birth of planet earth [ ]. Fallacies of creationism [ ].